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首页 > 高中辅导 > 高考 > 学科备考 > 英语 >

2020届高三一轮复习英语——代词和介词

2019-09-20 14:55:45 来源:启达教育网

2020高考一轮复习已经开始了, 你准备好了吗?第一轮复习时间最长,复习工作量最大,又是第二轮复习与第三轮复习的基础及先行者,所以一轮复习显得尤为重要。回归课本,自已先对知识点进行梳理。到高三所有课都进入复习阶段,通过复习,学生要能检测出知道什么,哪些还不知道,哪些还不会,因此在复习课之前一定要有自已的思考,听课的目的就明确了。启达教育老师为你整理了2020届高三一轮复习英语——代词和介词。

代词

一、代词的分类

用来代替名词或起名词作用的词、短语、分句或句子的词叫作代词。英语中的代词可分为九类。

分类 代词
人称代词 主格:I, you, he, she, it, we, they
宾格:me, you, him, her, it, us, them
物主代词 形容词性:my, your, his, her, its, our, their
名词性:mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
反身代词 myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, yourselves, themselves, ourselves
指示代词 this, that, these, those, such, so
不定代词 one, some, any, each, none, all, both, neither, either, other, another, no, many, much, (a) few, (a) little, something, anything, nothing, everything
相互代词 each other, one another
疑问代词 who, whom, whose, which, what,whoever, whichever, whatever
连接代词 who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever
关系代词 that, which, who, whom, whose, as

二、常考代词的用法

1it, one, that

代词 用法
it 指代上文提到的同一事物,复数用they/them
that that特指同类异物的可数名词单数或不可数名词,只指物,通常有范围限定
复数those相当于the ones,只指可数名词复数,可指人,也可指物
one 泛指同类异物的可数名词,单数用one,复数用ones

I cannot find my watch. I must have lost it.

The weather here is much better than that in Beijing.

My pen is broken. I must buy one.

2both, all, either, any, neither, none, no one

My sister likes both English and Chinese.

You can take either of the pictures, whichever you like.

Neither of us could understand German.

All are happy to know the news.

We had three cats once but none (of them) is alive now.

3another, other, the other, the others, others

代词 用法
another 三者或三者以上中的另一个,用作代词或形容词
other “其他的”,只作定语,常与复数名词连用。other students其他的学生
the other 两者中的另一个。常与one连用,构成:one...the other...“一个……,另一个……”
the others 为the other的复数形式,特指其余的人或物
others 泛指别的人或物

Will you show me another? I don't like its color.

She has two sisters. One is Mary and the other is Joan.

Why are only three of you here? Where are the others?

Don't cut in when others speak.

介词及代词it的特殊用法

一、介词的用法

1.表示时间:表示某一具体时刻前用at;表示在具体的某一天或具体某一天的上午、下午、晚上用on;表示在某个较长的时间内,世纪、朝代或年月,泛指的上午、下午、晚上用in; after表示“在……之后”;for常与时间段连用,意为“多长时间”。

 

2.表示地点、方位:at一般指在较小的地方;in一般指在较大的地方,或在某范围之内;on指在物体的表面,或相邻接壤;to表示不接壤;beside/by表示“在……的旁边”;between和among,前者表示“在两者之间”,后者表示“在三者或三者以上之间”。

3.其他介词

(1)表示交通方式的by, in, on

“by+名词”表示交通方式时,名词前不加冠词;但是in,on后的名词必须有冠词或代词等修饰。

He goes to work by car every day.

He goes to work in his car every day.

(2)表示“用……”的by, in, with

by侧重方式、方法,多用于表示无形的工具或手段的名词前;in多用于表示语言、材料的名词前;with多用于表示有形的工具、表示身体器官的名词前。

He earned his living by selling newspapers.

Please write the answer in ink.

They are digging with spades.

二、代词it的特殊用法

1.指代时间、距离、天气等

It is just five o'clock now.

After September 23, it is getting dark earlier.

In mountainous areas, it is usually cooler in summer.

2.性别或身份不明或被认为不重要的人或物

—Who is knocking at the door?

—It is the milkman.

3.作形式主语或形式宾语

It is said that he has gone abroad to receive further study.

I find it very useful to remember plenty of English idioms.

4.用于强调结构

it没有具体意义,可强调除谓语动词外的成分。其基本句型为:It+is/was+被强调部分+that(被强调的部分是人或物)/who(被强调的部分是人)+其他。

It was not until ten o'clock that we got home last night.

It was your father that/whom I met in the street yesterday.

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